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What Is GPON?

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What Is GPON?

Postby hone » Thu Apr 06, 2017 10:31 pm

PON is a point to multi-point (P2MP) passive optical network. GPON, a type of PON technology, is defined by ITU-T Recommendation G.984.x.

The optical line terminal (OLT like Huawei MA5600T) is an aggregation device located at the central office (CO) for terminating the PON protocol.

Optical network units (ONUs)/Optical network terminal (ONTs) are located on the user side, providing various ports for connecting to user terminals. The OLT and ONUs are connected using an optical distribution network (ODN) for communication.

The ODN is composed of passive optical components (POS), such as optical fibers, and one or more passive optical splitters. The ODN provides optical channels between the OLT and Huawei ONUs. It interconnects the OLT and ONUs and is highly reliable.

Why Is GPON Required?
As the wide use of broadband services and fiber-in and copper-out development, carriers require a longer transmission reach, higher bandwidth, reliability, and lower operating expense (OPEX) on services.

Huawei GPON supports the following functions to meet these requirements:

Longer transmission distance: The transmission media of optical fibers covers up to 60 km coverage radius on the access layer, resolving transmission distance and bandwidth issues in twisted pair transmission.

Higher bandwidth: Each GPON port can support a maximum transmission rate of 2.5 Gbit/s in the downstream direction and 1.25 Gbit/s in the upstream direction, meeting the usage requirements of high-bandwidth services, such as high definition television (HDTV) and outside broadcast (OB).

Better user experience on full services: Flexible QoS measures support traffic control based on users and user services, implementing differentiated service provisioning for different users.

Higher resource usage with lower costs: GPON supports a split ratio up to 1:128. A feeder fiber from the CO equipment room can be split to up to 128 drop fibers. This economizes on fiber resources and O&M costs.
hone
Cisco Catalyst 4500
 
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Re: What Is GPON?

Postby jorna » Mon Apr 10, 2017 7:16 pm

GPON is connect to downstream service?
jorna
Cisco 2611XM
 
Posts: 125
Joined: Tue Jul 07, 2015 1:23 am



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